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Understanding District Courts

Date Added: July 11, 2010 09:38:33 PM
Author: M Gravlee
Category: Legal & Lawyers
Many citizens today are well familiar with the role courts play in our society but they know not the role different courts play for different purposes. Well, the case that a court entertains is restricted only to its scope. For instance, a district court is very different from a supreme court and so are the cases each handles.

Basically, it is in the district’s court that civil, administrative, criminal, and disciplinary cases are held. It is in the district courts that most TV series programs and movies are held and set. Even though the image portrayed to the public of the district courts is that they are a very bad place for judging people, it may not always be the case.

There are two opposing sides in the district courts – the defendant’s and the plaintiff’s side. The plaintiff’s side is the side that filed and requested for a trial, the side claiming an injustice has been done on them and thus are seeking justice for damages. The defendant’s side on the other hand is the side accused of damaging the plaintiff’s side.

Once the suit has been filed by the plaintiff’s side, the court will first test if the case has any merits, and enough evidence and substance to proceed to stand in court. Once some merit and evidence is seen, the district court will accept the case and in turn send a copy of the filed case to the defendant. The defendant’s side will be given a period of time to have an opportunity to respond to the charges filed against them, after which trials get scheduled and commence.

Trial can take place before a jury or before a judge. The jury is made up of non-partisan and unbiased ordinary people who would have already been interviewed by lawyers of either side of the case. They will listen to the case and reach a conclusion as to whether the defendant is guilty as charged or innocent.

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Before trial begins, both parties will be given enough time to collect evidence to be used to prove their point. Circumstantial and physical evidences are both honored by the district court. Either side of the case is also mandated to present expert witness for purposes of explaining some technical matters and terms of the case.

As the trial begins, the defendant will be asked whether they are guilty of the charges or not, a process known as pleading. If not guilty, the court then proceeds to interview all witnesses presented before it. Lawyers representing either side of the court will have an opportunity to interrogate the witnesses as they are presented one by one to the court. Be advised that the success of the trial hugely depends on the witnesses and evidences provided and how competent your lawyer presents the evidence to court. It is therefore advisable that you should be very honest with your lawyer to improve your odds of winning the case.

Once all proceedings are over, lawyers from either side of the case are given a final opportunity to speak on behalf of their clients before the jury, or judge thereof. This is the time to say everything that they might want to say, which should be presented in a precise eloquent speech. After the speech from either side, the judge or jury gets an opportunity to deliberate on the case until a decision is reached. Once the final verdict is mentioned as per the law, the corresponding punishment is set. Note however that the defendant still has an opportunity to appeal to the higher court if unsatisfied with the ruling made.
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